Following international calls to resolve the Libyan crisis, and after failed efforts to implement the embargo for almost a decade, the Berlin summit on the conflict in Libya offered political, military and economic solutions to the the crisis. “The summit was held as a result of international pressure”, said political analyst Cibrayil El Ubeydi.
Attendees of the Libya peace summit included world leaders from Germany, France, Britain, Italy, Russia, China, Egypt, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Algeria, USA, Congo, African Union, European Union and the Arab Council of Representatives, as well as UN representatives.
‘Political agreement is necessary’
According to Hawar News, the decision was made to implement an arms embargo on Libya and impose sanctions on states that violated this agreement. The Government of National Consensus and the Libyan National Army led by Haftar participated at the congress.
A public statement from the summit declared that: “It is important to ensure a political agreement in order to achieve a political solution in Libya. We call for establishing an active Presidential Council for a political solution”.
Other issues, such as ensuring the return of people expelled from Libya, enhancing Libyan unity, providing functional law institutions, and activating the national oil company, were also discussed at the summit.
The agreement, signed by 16 states and organisations, also set out plans for international efforts to monitor interventions against Libya. All foreign forces in Libya should leave the country within three months. The Turkish state has not yet withdrawn its military groups which moved from Syria to Libya.
‘Foreign forces and troops should leave Libya’
Military expert Şerefedîn Said El Elwani said that all forces in the committee were directed by foreign powers.
The Military Director Xalid El-Mehcub told a newspaper that implementation of the Geneva agreement is not ensured. According to the Geneva Convention, all foreign forces and troops should leave Libya. “The Brotherhood wants the current situation in Libya to continue”, Elwani said, adding, “They know that if they leave Libya, they will disappear in the Middle East”. Elwani went on to say that “The solution to the Libyan crisis is not in the hands of the Libyan people. The solution to this crisis is in the hands of the international public”.
Libyan researcher Mihemed Salih El Terhûni said, “If the dialogue is not established among the parties, discussions cannot provide a solution. The intervention of the Turkish state in particular causes the crisis to deepen”.