If the joint presidential candidate of the opposition bloc Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu is elected in Turkey’s forthcoming 14 May elections, he may get help from artificial intelligence to fulfil his pledge to resolve the Kurdish conflict in the country through parliamentary and peaceful means, according to an article published on Saturday on the website of Birikim magazine.
Political scientist Cuma Çiçek said in his article that he asked questions of the artificial intelligence chatbot ChatGPT, developed by OpenAI, about the solution to the Kurdish issue, and based on the answers he received, artificial intelligence tools offer better frameworks than the average political rationality in Turkey.
“Of course, it is also possible to reverse this sentence,” Çiçek says, “The average rationality in Turkish politics on the Kurdish issue is far behind the rationality offered by artificial intelligence.”
Below you can read the two questions asked by Çiçek of the chatbot and its answers to these questions.
Question: How can we solve the Kurdish issue in Turkey?
“The Kurdish issue in Turkey has been a long-standing and complex problem, rooted in historical, political, social, and economic factors. In order to approach a solution to this issue, it is necessary to take into consideration the concerns and aspirations of both the Kurdish and Turkish communities.
Some possible ways to address the Kurdish issue in Turkey are as follows:
- Recognition of the cultural and linguistic rights of the Kurdish community: This could include the official recognition of the Kurdish language, permission to use Kurdish names, and support for Kurdish culture and heritage.
- Addressing socio-economic inequalities: The economic and social marginalisation of the Kurdish community has been a significant problem. Investing in infrastructure, education, and employment opportunities primarily in Kurdish regions can help address these inequalities.
- Reforms in the political system: The current political system in Turkey has been criticised for being excessively centralized and authoritarian. A less centralized system that grants more autonomy to regional governments can alleviate some of the concerns of the Kurdish community.
- Political negotiations for a solution: The Turkish government can engage in meaningful negotiations with Kurdish political representatives to find a political solution that addresses the grievances of the Kurdish community. This could include amnesty for Kurdish militants, release of political prisoners, and establishment of an inclusive political system.
Ultimately, resolving the Kurdish issue in Turkey will require a comprehensive approach that addresses the economic, political, social and cultural factors contributing to the conflict. It will also require the willingness of both the Turkish government and the Kurdish community to engage in dialogue and reconciliation.”
Question: Can you suggest concrete steps for the solution of the Kurdish issue?
- “Promoting cultural and linguistic rights: The Turkish government could take steps to promote Kurdish culture and language, such as allowing the use of Kurdish in public education and official documents, promoting Kurdish media outlets and supporting the protection of Kurdish cultural heritage sites.
- Improving socio-economic conditions: The Turkish government could invest in infrastructure, education and job creation in predominantly Kurdish areas to address socio-economic inequalities.
- Establish an inclusive political system: The Turkish government could promote a more inclusive political system that ensures Kurdish voices are represented in national decision-making processes. This could include granting greater autonomy to regional governments and allowing for greater diversity in political parties and government appointments.
- Negotiate a political compromise: The Turkish government could engage in meaningful negotiations with Kurdish political representatives to reach a political agreement that addresses the grievances of the Kurdish community. This could include amnesty for Kurdish militants, the release of political prisoners and the establishment of an inclusive political system.
- Address human rights violations: The Turkish government could take steps to address human rights violations against the Kurdish community, such as investigating and prosecuting cases of torture, enforced disappearances and extrajudicial killings.
- Encourage intercultural dialogue: The Turkish government can promote intercultural dialogue between the Kurdish and Turkish communities and encourage greater interaction between them to promote understanding and reconciliation.
These steps are not exhaustive and the specific measures that will be most effective in addressing the Kurdish issue will depend on the situation on the ground. However, the implementation of these measures would be a good starting point for addressing the long-standing grievances of the Kurdish community in Turkey.”