On the borders of Iran and Turkey, kolbers, or cross-border labourers who carry very heavy goods strapped to their backs, have been regularly killed by Iranian and Turkish soldiers for years.
According to the latest data from Kolbernews, 67 kolbers lost their lives in 2020 as a result of being fired on by Turkish and Iranian soldiers, 163 kolbers were injured.
It was stated that 53 of 67 kolbers were killed by Iranian soldiers and 6 of them by Turkish soldiers.
While 2 kolbers died from freezing to death in the snow, 2 died from drowning in a river and 2 kolbers lost their lives in a road traffic accident.
Out of 163 wounded kolbers, 130 of them were injured by direct fire from Turkish and Iranian soldiers, 11 of them fell off the mountain and were injured, 6 of them were injured in explosions of discarded mines.
The Kurdistan Human Rights Association’s data shows that in the last three years at least 245 kolbers have died and more than 300 have been injured.
In 2019, 35 kolbers died on the Iran-Turkey border.